How to become a scientist after 12th in India

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How to become a scientist after 12th in India

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  • 24-Aug-2023
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Becoming a Scientist in India after 12th

If you have a passion for science and want to pursue a career as a scientist in India, then you are on the right track. India has a rich history of scientific discoveries and innovations, and there is no better time than now to explore the various opportunities available. Pursuing science education after completing 12th grade can open doors to a wide range of exciting career opportunities.

While the journey to becoming a scientist in India may seem daunting, it is certainly achievable with the right mindset and dedication. 


Key Takeaways


  • Becoming a scientist in India after 12th requires dedication and passion for science.
  • Pursuing science education after 12th can open doors to various career opportunities.
  • Choosing the right stream and undergraduate course is crucial for a successful career as a scientist.
  • Preparing for entrance exams is an important step towards getting into a reputable science course.
  • Selecting the right institute for higher studies can make a significant difference in one's career as a scientist.


Science Education in India after 12th

Choosing the right stream after completing the 12th grade is crucial for pursuing a career in science. Science education in India provides various undergraduate courses in science like B.Sc, B.Tech, B.E., and MBBS. Each course has its own focus and specialization.


Choosing the Right Stream


While selecting the Science stream, students need to choose between PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) and PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology). Students interested in engineering, technology, or research should opt for PCM, while PCB is more suitable for those interested in medicine or life sciences.

Undergraduate Courses in Science

Several undergraduate science courses in India, like B.Sc, offer specializations in fields like Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, and Environmental Science. Students can also opt for specialized courses like Biotechnology, Microbiology, Biochemistry, and Geology, among others.


Entrance Exams for Science Courses in India

Entrance exams are an important aspect of pursuing a career in science in India after completing the 12th grade. These exams test candidates' knowledge and skills in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, and are necessary for admission into reputable science courses. Here are some of the most popular entrance exams for science courses in India:

JEE Main


The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main is a national-level exam for admission into undergraduate engineering courses in India. It is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and comprises two papers - Paper 1 for B.E./B.Tech. courses and Paper 2 for B.Arch/B.Planning courses. It is considered one of the most competitive exams in India and requires thorough preparation and dedication.




The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is an entrance exam for admission into undergraduate medical courses in India. It is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and tests candidates' knowledge in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. NEET is a highly competitive exam and requires meticulous preparation and hard work.

State-level entrance exams

Most Indian states conduct their own entrance exams for admission into undergraduate science courses. These exams vary in difficulty and format and test candidates' knowledge in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Some popular state-level entrance exams include KCET (Karnataka), EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh), and MHT CET (Maharashtra).


Preparing for entrance exams requires planning, dedication, and consistent effort. To be successful, candidates should focus on building a strong foundation in subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, and practice regularly. Additionally, enroling in coaching classes can provide valuable guidance and support throughout the preparation process.


Pursuing Higher Education in Science


After completing undergraduate courses in science, students in India have various options to pursue higher education. It is essential to choose the right institute and specialization to advance your scientific career. Here are the different paths you can take:


Master of Science (M.Sc.) is a popular postgraduate degree for science students in India. It is a two-year program that offers specializations in various sciences like biology, chemistry, physics, and environmental science. Many reputed institutes in India offer M.Sc. programs, and admission is based on entrance exams.



Master of Technology (M.Tech) is a postgraduate degree for students interested in pursuing engineering and technology. It is a two-year program that offers specializations in subjects like computer science, electronics, and communication engineering, and mechanical engineering. Reputed institutes like IITs offer M.Tech programs, and admission is based on entrance exams.




Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) is a research-based degree that allows students to specialize in a particular subject area, undertake original research, and contribute to the field's expansion. Ph.D. holders are highly valued in academia, research organizations, and scientific institutions. Admission to Ph.D. programs is highly competitive and rigorous, with applicants needing to clear entrance exams and interviews.

If you are interested in pursuing a career in research and academia, a Ph.D. is an ideal option. However, if you are interested in pursuing a career in industry or business, an M.Tech or M.Sc. would be a better option.

Career Opportunities as a Scientist in India


Being a scientist in India offers a plethora of career opportunities across various sectors. Let’s take a closer look at some of the exciting options available:

Research Positions

Research is a significant part of the scientific community, and there is a consistent demand for research professionals in India. The Indian Council of Medical Research, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Defence Research and Development Organization, and Indian Space Research Organization are some of the top research organizations in India. These organizations provide scientists with access to cutting-edge research facilities to create innovative discoveries.

Government Jobs

The government sector in India provides ample opportunities for scientists. They can land jobs in research and development departments or as scientific officers in government labs. The Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) are popular government entities that hire scientists for various roles. Scientists can also apply for faculty positions at research institutions funded by the government.

Opportunities in the Private Sector


Scientific research and innovation is essential for the progress of many industries. There is a high demand for scientists in various private sectors, including healthcare, engineering, agriculture, and technology. Scientists can work in research and development departments of multinational companies such as TATA, IBM, and Infosys, or contribute to the success of startups and research facilities.

Scientific Entrepreneurship

Scientists in India can transform their innovative ideas into successful ventures by becoming scientific entrepreneurs. Initiatives like Atal Innovation Mission and Start-up India facilitate the creation and growth of scientific start-ups. With a supportive entrepreneurial ecosystem and access to venture capitalists, scientists can establish their start-ups and contribute to the growth of the Indian economy.


To become a scientist in India, one must be ready to pursue science education with dedication, persistence, and passion. It is a career choice that has the potential to change the world and advance humanity's knowledge. So, take the first step towards achieving your dream of becoming a scientist and pursue science education in India after completing 12th grade.

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